Top 10 facts about the world The difference between direct and indirect democracy is fairly simple. In a direct democracy, citizens make decisions directly by proposing laws or referendums on laws which are disliked, voting to determine who enters public office, and recalling public officials who are not doing their jobs.
The power of representatives is usually curtailed by a constitution as in a constitutional democracy or a constitutional monarchy or other measures to balance representative power: The constitution may also provide for some deliberative democracy e.
However, these are not always binding and usually require some legislative action—legal power usually remains firmly with representatives. Theorists such as Edmund Burke believe that part of the duty of a representative was not simply to communicate the wishes of the electorate but also to use their own judgement in the exercise of their powers, even if their views are not reflective of those of a majority of voters: Their wishes ought to have great weight with him; their opinion, high respect; their business, unremitted attention.
It is his duty to sacrifice his repose, his pleasures, his satisfactions, to theirs; and above all, ever, and in all cases, to prefer their interest to his own.
But his unbiassed opinion, his mature judgment, his enlightened conscience, he ought not to sacrifice to you, to any man, or to any set of men living. These he does not derive from your pleasure; no, nor from the law and the constitution.
They are a trust from Providence, for the abuse of which he is deeply answerable. Your representative owes you, not his industry only, but his judgment; and he betrays, instead of serving you, if he sacrifices it to your opinion.
Democratization The Roman Republic was the first known government in the western world to have a representative government, despite taking the form of a direct government in the Roman assemblies.
In Britain, Simon de Montfort is remembered as one of the fathers of representative government for holding two famous parliaments. Senators were not directly elected by the people until the adoption of the Seventeenth Amendment in Women, men who owned no property, and blacks, and others not originally given voting rights in most states eventually gained the vote through changes in state and federal law in the course of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Until it was repealed by the Fourteenth Amendment following the Civil Warthe Three-Fifths Compromise gave a disproportionate representation of slave states in the House of Representatives relative to the voters in free states.
As noted above, Edmund Burke in his speech to the electors of Bristol classically analysed their operation in Britain and the rights and duties of an elected representative.
Research on representation per se[ edit ] Further information: Representation politics Separate but related, and very large, bodies of research in political philosophy and social science investigate how and how well elected representatives, such as legislators, represent the interests or preferences of one or another constituency.
Criticisms[ edit ] In his book Political Partieswritten inRobert Michels argues that most representative systems deteriorate towards an oligarchy or particracy.
This is known as the iron law of oligarchy. Society has to be built up from bottom to top. As a consequence, society is built up by people, who are free and have the power to defend themselves with weapons. These free people join or form local communities.
These local communities are independent, which includes financial independence, and they are free to determine their own rules.
Local communities join together into a higher unit e. There is no hierarchical bureaucracy. There is competition between these local communities e. A drawback to this type of government is that elected officials are not required to fulfill promises made before their election and are able to promote their own self-interests once elected, providing an incohesive system of governance.
Stochocracy aims to at least reduce this degradation by having all representatives appointed by lottery instead of by voting. Therefore, this system is also called lottocracy. The system was proposed by the writer Roger de Sizif in in his book La Stochocratie.
Choosing officeholders by lot was also the standard practice in ancient Athenian democracy. The system of deliberative democracy is a mix between a majority ruled system and a consensus-based system.Direct Democracy Essay Examples.
12 total results. 2 pages. An Overview of the Four Forms of Government in Ancient Greece. words. 1 page. An Overview of the Direct Democracy Versus Representative Democracy in the United States of America.
words. 2 pages.
An Overview of Direct Democracy. Essay Writing Blog;. Is America a Successful Democracy: A Critical Inquiry by Meagan C. McGowan Overview. This unit is intended to introduce students to the concept of American democracy and the United States Constitution.
The original audience for the unit is high school aged United States History students. Direct or Representative Democracy?
Start studying Concepts of Democracy. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Another name for a representative democracy is a _____ democracy. A. direct B. indirect C. curved D. representatives exercise power for a short period of time. Direct Democracy Essay Examples. 12 total results. 2 pages. An Overview of the Four Forms of Government in Ancient Greece. words. 1 page. An Overview of the Direct Democracy Versus Representative Democracy in the United States of America. words. 2 pages. An Overview of Direct Democracy. Essay Writing Blog;. Direct democracy is where citizens themselves vote for or against specific proposals or laws. Some city states in Ancient Greece had this system. With the large populations in modern countries it is possible only occasionally to do this.
A common term that is used interchangeably with indirect democracy is a representative democracy. Indirect democracy is usually contrasted with direct democracy.
In direct democracy, people directly vote on whether a law will be passed. But in indirect democracy, people only choose the representatives who will then make the law. Most of them, like the United States of America and the United Kingdom, advocate a representative democracy.
Citizens elect or choose a government official to represent them in the Senate or Congress. Representative or indirect democracy can be the best type of government so as to protect human rights and provide people a voice inside the government.
In this kind of government, there are different elements that exist within the United States as well as other countries in the world.
Direct democracy is where citizens themselves vote for or against specific proposals or laws. Some city states in Ancient Greece had this system. With the large populations in modern countries it is possible only occasionally to do this.