Backstory Story that precedes events in the story being told—past events or background that add meaning to current circumstances Though The Lord of the Rings trilogy takes place in a relatively short period towards the end of the year Third Age, the narration gives glimpses of the mythological and historical events which took place earlier in the Third age leading up to the action in the novel, and in the First and Second Age. Cliffhanger The narrative ends unresolved, to draw the audience back to a future episode for the resolution.
Antonio "Christians are superior to Jews. This audience saw Shylock as the villain, because, according to them, evil was an inherent trait of a Jew. In order to make all the negative traits of Shylock the Jew more apparent, Shakespeare created a contrast. Antonio, who is meant to contrast Shylock, is used to make the Jew's flaws more obvious to the Elizabethans.
When Shylock and Antonio meet, their words of confrontation show how each is nearly the opposite of his fellow. To highlight the Jew's stinginess, Shakespeare has the two protagonists argue about it. Shylock prides himself on his thrift, while in the gentile world it was most probably, as The merchant of venice shylock vs is today, looked down upon.
Antonio, in contrast, prides himself on having an open wallet. Antonio spares no expense for his friend Bassanio's happiness, even his life, he would willfully give. Also, this caring for a friend contrasts Shylock's sentiments. Shylock didn't care about his daughter after she betrayed him, but only wanted his possessions to be returned.
Furthermore, the kind Antonio is happy, while the angry Shylock only becomes more bitter as the play progresses. Both happiness and being free with one's money were looked upon as positive things in Elizabethan times.
Both traits were obviously portrayed by Antonio the Christian, while Shylock was the owner of the opposite characteristics, frowned upon in those times. Kindness is another virtue in the book embodied by Antonio. While Shylock's love of money or ambition preclude any such kindness, Antonio is a charitable man.
Antonio helps those in need of a loan, lending money free of interest. Because he is so amiable, Antonio is constantly accompanied by friends.
Shylock the Jew, however, is nearly always alone, spending precious few minutes with his single friend, Tubal. This seeming popularity of Antonio is another admirable trait which he portrays, and Shylock the Jew plays the loner, most probably a less glorious place to be on the social ladder at that point in history.
This social success and kindness of the Christian would reaffirm the theory of Christian superiority in the minds of the audience, contrasting it with the social failures of the Jew. Also, the loyalty which was paid to Antonio and the high opinion held of him is in stark contrast the betrayal and mockery of Shylock.
Shylock's own daughter had abandoned the faith which he loved, and he was persecuted for. Before leaving though, his daughter made sure to rob him as well, taking away from him all that he had.
Antonio's friends, however, stay with their friend even in his darkest hours. Also, many speak of the greatness of Antonio behind his back, while they mock Shylock to the Jew's face as well as behind his back.
The second to last scene, however, holds the most important contrast in the eyes of the Elizabethans. Just as one thinks the Jew will succeed, he falls.
In that scene, the verdict does not go the way Shylock foresaw, the Jew expected to extract the pound of flesh. However, being unable to cause any blood loss or take anything more or less than a pound of flesh, Shylock demands the principle.
Unknowingly, Shylock had committed what could be considered attempted murder, the punishment being the loss of one's estate and possible one's life. The Jew's money is taken, and his life is on the line.
The reason why these two endings had to be contrasted is to show their importance. The failure of the Jew alone would not have been enough, but the victory of the Christian was written in order to show the two eventual endpoints for the religions. The Elizabethans were comforted, thinking that although the Jews were successful now, they, too, would fall and the Christians would ultimately succeed.
Referatele din aceasta sectiune sunt trimise de diferiti colaboratori ai proiectului nostru.Shylock is a Jewish moneylender, father to Jessica, enemy to Antonio, and one of the most complex characters of The Merchant of Venice—and arguably of all of Shakespeare's works.
Over the years, theater and film productions of the play have portrayed Shylock in various ways. Get an answer for 'Explain the theme of choices and chances in Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice.' and find homework help for other The Merchant of Venice questions at eNotes.
A Closer Look at Shylock vs. Antonio The play is set in Venice, Italy. During this time, Venice was full of wealth, royal merchants, luxuriously . Last year, about two hundred red haired Israeli Jews gathered for a conference at Kibbutz Gezer in Israel.
While that is a nice size group, there were, apparently, many hundreds who were interested in attending, but unable to do so.
This is powerful stuff, but we should also point out that, elsewhere in the play, Shylock himself tends to emphasize the differences between Jews and Christians.
(See . - The Character of Shylock as a Victim or Villain in The Merchant of Venice Do you consider the character of shylock to be a victim or villain in the play The Merchant of Venice. Shylock is one of the most interesting, memorable and debated characters in the play “The Merchant of Venice”.