The advantages and important role of the helicopter in the vietnam war

Army artillery spotter units over France; these aircraft were field-outfitted with either two or four bazooka rocket launchers attached to the lift struts[3] against German armored fighting vehicles. During the summer ofU. Army Major Charles Carpenter managed to successfully take on an anti-armor role with his rocket-armed Piper L His L-4, bearing US Army serial number and named Rosie the Rocketer, armed with six bazookas, had a notable anti-armor success during an engagement during the Battle of Arracourt on September 20,employing top attack tactics in knocking out at least four German armored vehicles, [4] as a pioneering example of taking on heavy enemy armor from a slow-flying aircraft.

The advantages and important role of the helicopter in the vietnam war

A utility helicopter is a multi-purpose helicopter. A utility military helicopter can fill roles such as ground attackair assaultmilitary logisticsmedical evacuationcommand and controland troop transport.

Attack helicopter - Wikipedia

To maximise their impact, helicopters are utilised in a combined arms approach. Helicopter armament and tactics were changed to account for a less-permissive flight environment.

Anti-tank missilessuch as the SS. In the air, attack helicopters armed with anti-tank missiles, and one or more unarmed, or lightly armed scout helicopters operate in concert.

The advantages and important role of the helicopter in the vietnam war

The scout helicopter, flying at low level in a nap-of-the-earth approach, attempts to both locate the enemy armoured columns and to map out approaches and ambush positions for the attack helicopters.

Late-model scout helicopters include laser designators to guide missiles fired from the attack helicopters. The attack helicopters have only to rise from cover briefly to fire their missiles before returning to a concealed location. To enhance the combat endurance of these missile-armed helicopters, transport helicopters were used to carry technicians, reloads and fuel to forward locations.

Establishing these forward arming and refuel points FARP at pre-arranged locations and times allowed armed or attack helicopters to re-arm and refuel, often with their engines running and the rotors still turning, and to quickly return to the front lines. Counter-insurgency In counter-insurgency COIN warfare, the government force establishes its presence in permanent or temporary military bases from which to mount patrols and convoys.

The government forces seek to deter the insurgent forces from operating, and to capture or kill those that do. The operation of forces from fixed bases linked by a fixed network of roads becomes a weakness.

Emplaced insurgents and local sympathisers may observe such facilities covertly and gather intelligence on the schedules and routes of patrols and convoys.

With this intelligence the insurgents can time their operations to avoid the COIN forces or plan ambushes to engage them, depending on their own tactical situation. Helicopters return a measure of surprise and tactical flexibility to the COIN commander. Patrols need not start and end in the same place the main entrance of the local compoundnor do supply convoys need follow the same roads and highways.

Once contact had been established against enemy guerillas paratroopers would be dropped by a Dakota and act as "beaters" to drive the guerillas into stop groups landed by the helicopters.It was the start of an important facet of the long war of mutual attrition, one in which the mobility and firepower provided by helicopters was the only means by which American and ARVN forces could contest the actions of the North Vietnamese.

one that would have a major impact on the helicopter’s role in changing modern warfare. This. The helicopter in the Vietnam Conflict certainly came into its own, fulfilling a variety of roles for both sides.

OVERVIEW Several types of helicopters were used during the Vietnam Conflict- from observation and MEDEVAC to gunships and dedicated attack types.

Aug 21,  · Watch video · The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. U.S. Army Helicopter Evolution during the Vietnam War, Part II during the Korean War, when the helicopter received its baptism of fire in the early s.

More than four decades after its end, the Vietnam War remains synonymous with unrest in the U.S.

Military helicopter - Wikipedia

After all, the country entered the fray in . A military helicopter is a helicopter that is either specifically built or converted for use by military forces.

A military helicopter's mission is a function of its design or conversion. A military helicopter's mission is a function of its design or conversion.

The History Reader - A History Blog from St. Martins Press