Evolution of aviation during world war ii essay

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Evolution of aviation during world war ii essay

Download this Essay in word format. Both fighters and bombers improved their range and capacities to carry more. Overall, the period between the wars saw aircraft go from slow, rickety wooden boxes to sleek, metallic speedsters capable of performing integral military operations.

Nothing best defines the advancements made in aircraft design and capabilities that the Hawker company. Beginning shortly after the First World War, Hawker continually and steadily improved his designs making faster and better aircraft.

This engine could produce over hp and allowed the aircraft to reach speeds of more than mph. While the cruising speed was lower, the Merlin engine would continually be improved until by the Merlin III was being used. Eventually the Merlin would have up to twenty variants.

Using this Merlin XX hp engine, the Hurricane MK II could reach speeds of mph, had a top ceiling of 36, ft, and was armed with four 20mm cannons. Sharp This was a considerable amount of firepower as most fighters of the day were armed with smaller machine guns and the 20mm cannon allowed for a greater range when hitting targets.

More than 14, Hurricanes were produced and they served in all theaters. The Hurricane shot down more enemy aircraft than any other British plane during the warand even though they were surpassed by other aircraft like the Spitfire, they remained in service until the end of the war.

Angelucci Like fighter aircraft, by the time World War II started the development of bombers had rapidly advanced. This can be demonstrated by the Avro Lancaster heavy bomber.

The British meant to do this through large scale bombing raids using heavy bombers. All these capabilities emerged in the Avro Lancaster heavy bomber which had four Rolls-Royce Merlin engines with hp each, could carry 22, lbs of bombs over miles at a speed of mph. Donald However, these propeller driven aircraft were beginning to reach the limit of their capabilities, if they were going to fly faster and higher a new type of engine was needed.

If there was anything that the British learned during the war was that Propeller aircraft had limitations. They could only reach tops speeds in the mph range and could not fly higher than aroundft. These limitations could be overcome through the development of a new type of engine: Both Germany and Britain began to developed jet aircraft as early asbut it was the British who developed and flew the first jet: This new aircraft first flew on May 15, but was not able to be produced in large numbers until The Meteor was powered by two Rolls Royce Derwent 8 turbojets which allowed it to reach speeds of mpg, had a ceiling of 43, ft.

Angelucci it was armed with four 20 mm cannons and could carry lb rockets. The meteor was the beginning of a quantum level advance in aircraft capabilities which would allow aircraft to reach previously un-thought of speeds.

While jets steadily advanced, the capabilities may have improved but they did not expand. While jets became faster, better maneuverable, had longer ranges, and could carry more ordinance, they could not perform in new ways; until the introduction of the Harrier Jump Jet.

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Since the time of the Wright Brothers, all airplanes needed a long straight runway from which to take off, this was one of the vulnerabilities of aircraft. However the Hawker company, renamed Hawker Siddeley, utilized a new technology called thrust vectoring, which directed the thrust of the engines in different directions.

By directing the thrust downward the Harrier was able to lift off vertically, like a helicopter, but then transition into horizontal flight and fly like a fighter. The British Navy was also able to change the design of aircraft carriers, making them smaller and more efficient.

The current version of the Harrier, the AV-8, is powered by a Rolls-Royce turbofan engine capable of reaching mph mach 0. Angelucci British military aircraft design and capabilities have change dramatically in just one hundred tears. From a start where aircraft could barely achieve speeds of 70 mph, WWII aircraft attained speeds in the hundreds of miles per hour, while modern jets reach top speeds in the Mach range.The years after the world war famously known as the postwar era witnessed immense growth in the entire aviation industry.

Leading this growth was the United States which positioned itself as the largest manufacturing industry in the world. The First World War was as much a war of attrition in the air as it was on the ground.

Losses in the air placed great stresses on the aircraft manufacturing industry and on the training of flyers.. World War I was a watershed for the development of airpower and the history of aerial warfare.

The World War I (–18) stimulus and the invention of the petrol engine increased the speed of the planes to 20 kph/ mph and more importance was given to streamline its body. The body, wings, and other parts were given new shape to minimize drag. During World War II, aviation firmly established itself as a critical component of modern warfare from the Battle of Britain in the early stages to the great aircraft carrier battles between American and Japanese Pacific fleets and the final delivery of nuclear weapons.

Evolution of aviation during world war ii essay

Throughout this essay several points have been made conceiving whether the aircraft did or did not have a significant and important role during the First World War. Aircraft prolonged the war, but when the aircraft was able .

Challenges and Opportunities in aircraft manufacturing industry; Challenges and Opportunities in aircraft manufacturing industry The new development was geared towards evolution of the piston engine models to the more modern high performance jet aircraft.

Problems of accelerating aircraft production during World War II: A .

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