Posted by Abel James Last Updated:
Etymology[ edit ] The name coconut derives from seafarers during the 16th and 17th century for its resemblance to a head. Cocconut production of the earliest mentions of the coconut dates back to the " One Thousand and One Nights " story of Sinbad the Sailor ; he is known to have bought and sold coconut during his fifth voyage.
He explained how at Guam "they eat coconuts" "mangiano cochi" and that the natives there also "anoint the body and the hair with coconut and beniseed oil" "ongieno el corpo et li capili co oleo de cocho et de giongioli".
For example, the Polynesian and Melanesian term niu and the Tagalog and Chamorro Cocconut production niyog is said to be based on the Malay word nyiur or nyior. Cook was one of the earliest modern researchers to draw conclusions about the location of origin of Cocos nucifera based on its current-day worldwide distribution.
Thor Heyerdahl later used this Cocconut production one part of his hypothesis to support his theory that the Pacific Islanders originated as two migration streams from the Canadian Pacific coast themselves recent migrants from Asia to Hawaiiand on to Tahiti and New Zealand in a series of hops, and another migration from South America via sailing balsa -wood rafts.
Sincethe work on tracing the probable origin and dispersal of Cocos nucifera  has only recently been augmented by a publication on the germination rate of the coconut seednut  and another on the importance of the coral atoll ecosystem. Coconuts are generally classified into two general types: Botanicallythe coconut fruit is a drupenot a true nut.
The exocarp and mesocarp make up the "husk" of the coconuts. Coconuts sold in the shops of nontropical countries often have had the exocarp outermost layer removed.
The mesocarp is composed of a fibercalled coir, which has many traditional and commercial uses.
The shell has three germination pores micropyles or "eyes" that are clearly visible on its outside surface once the husk is removed. A full-sized coconut weighs about 1. It takes around 6, full-grown coconuts to produce one tonne of copra. Only a few of the roots penetrate deep into the soil for stability.
This type of root system is known as fibrous or adventitious, and is a characteristic of grass species. Other types of large trees produce a single downward-growing tap root with a number of feeder roots growing from it.
Coconut palms continue to produce roots from the base of the stem throughout their lives. The number of roots produced depends on the age of the tree and the environment, with more than 3, roots possible on a tree that is 60 to 70 years old.
Inflorescence[ edit ] The palm produces both the female and male flowers on the same inflorescence ; thus, the palm is monoecious. Coconut palms are believed to be largely cross- pollinatedalthough some[ which?
Domestication[ edit ] Coconut plantation in India Coconuts could not reach inland locations without human intervention to carry seednuts, plant seedlings, etc. Human cultivation of the coconut selected, not for larger size, but for thinner husks and increased volume of endosperm, the solid "meat" or liquid "water" that provides the fruit its food value.
The first coconuts were of the niu kafa type, with thick husks to protect the seed, an angular, highly ridged shape to promote buoyancy during ocean dispersal, and a pointed base that allowed fruits to dig into the sand, preventing them from being washed away during germination on a new island.
As early human communities began to harvest coconuts for eating and planting, they perhaps unintentionally [ citation needed ] selected for a larger endosperm-to-husk ratio and a broader, spherical base, which rendered the fruit useful as a cup or bowl, thus creating the niu vai type.
The decreased buoyancy and increased fragility of this spherical, thin-husked fruit would not matter for a species that had started to be dispersed by humans and grown in plantations.
The dwarf subspecies is thought to have mutated from the tall group under human selection pressure. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
May Main article: But we had laid about half among the special provisions below deck, with the waves washing around them.
Every single one of these was ruined by the sea water. And no coconut can float over the sea faster than a balsa raft moves with the wind behind it. However, the coconut variety Heyerdahl chose for his long sea voyage likely was of the large, fleshy, spherical niu vai type, which Harries observed to have a significantly shorter germination type and worse buoyancy than the uncultivated niu kafa type.
Drift models based on wind and ocean currents have shown that coconuts could not have drifted across the Pacific unaided.
Nor were there coconuts on the east side of the African coast until Vasco da Gamanor in the Caribbean when first visited by Christopher Columbus. They were commonly carried by Spanish ships as a source of sweet water.
This provides substantial circumstantial evidence that deliberate voyagers were involved in carrying coconuts across the Pacific Ocean possibly the Austronesian peoples [ citation needed ] and that they could not have dispersed worldwide without human agency.
More recently, genomic analysis of cultivated coconut C. However, admixturethe transfer of genetic material, evidently occurred between the two populations. Given that coconuts are ideally suited for inter-island group ocean dispersal, obviously some natural distribution did take place.
However, the locations of the admixture events are limited to Madagascar and coastal east Africa, and exclude the Seychelles.Products. Associated Feed produces the highest quality feed at competitive prices, utilizing only the finest ingredients and specifically formulating each feed to meet our customers' needs.
The leftover fiber from coconut oil and coconut milk production, coconut meal, is used as livestock feed. The dried calyx is used as fuel in wood-fired stoves. Coconut water is traditionally used as a growth supplement in plant tissue culture and micropropagation.
Charge my Credit Card (Yes or No)-- We will charge your credit card unless you say NO here. If you do not wish us to charge your credit card, the only other payment option is CASH ON DELIVERY, and you will have to be home at the time of delivery.
Introduction. You can read in almost all of the “how to make transparent soap” manuals, that to master the technique, it is a big advantage to be familiar with the hot process soapmaking.. Indeed, but I tell you what – I did try to make transparent soap without any hot process timberdesignmag.comly, I only made a few batches of a cold processed soap at that time.
Coconut production plays an important role in the national economy of the Philippines. According to figures published in December by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, it is the world's largest producer of coconuts, producing 19,, tonnes in Coconut Production Practices – In the month of February: In this month, make sure to water the plants 6 to 9 days regularly and avoid any water stress.
Coconut Production Practices – In the month of March.