He made the logical point that it is not possible for God to be responsible for evil since evil is not a substance. If God can not have created evil, Augustine traced its origin to those areas within the world that have free will, namely, angels and human beings.
When attempting to prove God's existence one must account for aspects of the world that appear to be contrary to our understanding of divine presence. One question in particular that deserves attention is the existence of evil throughout the world around us.
Free Essay: The Existence of God and Evil The problem of evil has been around since the beginning. How could God allow such suffering of his “chosen people”?. This essay examines one form the argument from evil has taken, which is known as "the logical problem of evil." In the second half of the twentieth century, atheologians (that is, persons who try to prove the non-existence of God) commonly claimed that the problem of evil . In this essay, I'd like to examine the problem of evil and ask whether a belief in the God of the Bible is compatible with the existence of evil and suffering in the world. But the goal, as always, should be to turn from the abstract to the personal.
Gottfried Leibniz addresses this "problem of evil" in his Theodicy by offering a scenario in which both a Christian God and evil can plausibly coexist. As Leibniz tries to validate God's existence, he is forced to rely upon certain defining characteristic from which we have come to associate with the Christian God.
One such characteristic is God's inherent benevolence to which we attribute his teachings of virtuous living. Another characteristic that we associate with God's existence is infinite knowledge, or as we have come to refer to it, his all-knowingness This, however, as Leibniz points out, implies since there's evil in the world, God is must be aware of it.
And, as a result of this all-knowingness combined with the all-goodness, if given a choice between a world in which evil exists and a world in which evil does not exist, God would choose the world free of evil.
However, these traits do not necessarily disprove God's existence unless they are accompanied by the capability to act on this inherent goodness and knowledge.
Unfortunately, the last universal assumption we have come to associate with God, according to Leibniz, is his unlimited power Which means if God does exist and, therefore, is all-good and all-knowinghe would undeniably use his power to eliminate the world's evils.
Which leaves us with the question, "If there be a God, when cometh evil? If there be not, whence cometh good," And since evil will inevitably surface amongst our society at some point, perhaps God is merely able to foresee all of the possible outcomes of the world, and from that choose the world in which evil is the least prevalent.
Therefore, Leibniz concludes that this scenario in which God chooses the "best possible world" is not proof of his nonexistence, but rather a testament to his goodwill.
One plausible flaw in Leibniz's explanation of evil is times in which undesirable components of the world have many of the same effects as evil. Like, for instance, natural disasters. These occurrences, although not inherently acts of evil, ultimately produce the same unfavorable emotions as basic manifestations of evil, that is:The logical argument claims that the existence of evil is logically incompatible with the existence of an omnibenevolent, omnipotent God, making theism impossible.
J.L. Mackie argues from this standpoint, and claims that the very nature of a theistic God is incompatible with the existence of evil/5(1). Essay Choice 1 In the First Meditation, Descartes gives us the Evil Demon Hypothesis which serves to give him reason to doubt the existence of everything he perceives and believes.
The Argument of Evil This Essay The Argument of Evil and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on timberdesignmag.com Autor: review • November 14, • Essay • Words (4 Pages) • Views The existence of an omnipotent, omniscient, perfectly benevolent being is inconsistent 4/4(1).
In this essay I am going to examine the problem of evil.I will split it into two main parts; the problems raised for a religious believer by the existence of evil and the solution or answer to these problems.
Theodicy: An Overview. The linked page above offers a brief overview of the following: Intrroduction. The Problem of Evil Defined. Theodicy Defined "Defense" Defined. Key Approaches.
Outline for Essay on Man Selections. Theodicy and Pope's Essay on Man. Leibniz's Theodicy. Tennyson. The Existence of Evil and God In this paper I will argue that the existence of evil does not prove that a God does not exist.
For many people the existence of evil and suffering is their number one objection to the existence of God.