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Henry Stephens Salt was a prolific English writer, biographer, and literary critic, the author of nearly 40 books. He was also an avid campaigner for social reform. He is believed to be the first published writer to argue for the rights of animals.
In his essays and books, he clearly distinguished between the need for better treatment of animals and his belief that animals have rights. Shortly after his birth, his mother returned to England and he was raised in his grandparents' home in Shrewsbury. He began his formal education at Eton, graduated from Cambridge University inthen returned to Eton to teach.
Salt was known as a quiet, yet sociable man who enjoyed spending time with his friends. He spent much of his free time with his brother-in-law, J. Joynes, who also taught at Eton. Joynes introduced Salt to many of his own influential friends, including American writer and social reformer Henry George; Irish journalist, playwright, and social reformer George Bernard Shaw; and British Socialist poet and gay activist Edward Carpenter.
Through his participation in this social circle and his exposure to the writings of others, Salt gradually began to focus his personal philosophy connecting humanism with animal rights. He developed deep convictions on vegetarianism and revulsion toward a lifestyle he referred to as "cannibalism," where the educated and powerful devoured the flesh of animals and lived off the sweat of the working classes.
InHenry S. Salt married Catherine Kate Joynes. Inhe abandoned his teaching position, refused any continued service from his servants and moved with his wife into a laborer's cottage in Surrey with the goal of dedicating his life to writing and reform activities.
Salt was the League's General Secretary.
At one point, he bought a copy of Henry Salt’s “Plea for Vegetarianism,” and read it cover to cover. Salt’s book underlines the moral reasons for being a vegetarian—the inherent violence that is present in eating meat, and the non-violence that could be achieved by abstaining from eating it. Original Title: A plea for vegetarianism and other essays Volume [Hardcover], Original Author: Henry Stephens Salt. Give the gift of reading, now $ Story time just got better with Prime Book Box, a subscription that delivers hand-picked children’s books every 1, 2, or 3 months — at 40% off List Price. Learn more Author: Henry Stephens Salt. Barstow argues that the issue of meat eating was influenced by a complex interplay of factors, with religious perspectives largely supporting vegetarianism while practical concerns and secular ideals pulled in the other direction.
He was also the Editor of the League's two journals--Humanity, later renamed The Humanitarian, which was published from to ; and Humane Review, which was published from to The basic belief of the Humanitarian League was opposition to all "avoidable suffering of any sentient being," and in keeping with this belief, Salt established departments within the organization to deal with aspects of society deemed unacceptable, such as cruel sports; reformation of criminal law and prisons; humane dietary practices vegetarianism ; the proper education of children; and war opposition.
According to the Henry S. Salt Archive, The Humanitarian League had some admirable achievements with their goals, including the Prison Act ofbrought about by the League's "agitation" and through the guidance of criminologist Dr.
The League also attempted to defend the rights of animals against cruel sport activities, which they referred to as "blood-sports. Salt Archive, the Humanitarian League wrote numerous letters to Queen Victoria regarding the cruelty of stag and rabbit hunting, and the sport of shooting birds released from traps.
When Queen Victoria died inthe League reveled the contents of her letters to the public, including her "strong opposition to stag hunting for many years past.
The Humanitarian League was disbanded in September of The controversy over hunting with dogs in England continues to this day. The Creed of Kinship The publication of the Creed of Kinship in was, of course, greeted with mixed reviews. Salt was not trying to win friends with his treatise on animal rights and humanitarianism, but he was attempting to persuade his reading audience to view their world from a different perspective.
Salt's primary argument in the Creed of Kinship is that humans are not civilized, though they pretend to be so, and they argue that their civilized manners give them rights to treat animals and other humans in ways that Salt considered to be inhumane.
According to Salt, blood sports, such as fox and stag hunting, and the consumption of animal flesh were acts of cannibalism, and that living on the labors of others is also cannibalistic in a metaphorical way. Considered in Relation to Social Progress It is interesting to note that although Salt is attributed with the honor of being the first writer to argue for animal rights, Salt believed Jeremy Bentham was the first animal rights activist writer due to Bentham's arguments against everything from Roman Gladiators to cockfighting.
Salt quotes from Bentham's Principles of Penal Law, published inwhere Bentham states, "We have begun by attending to the condition of slaves; we shall finish by softening that of all the animals which assist our labours or supply our wants.
Salt argues that animals and humans have equal rights to freedom. It is apparent that Salt had expressed his views on animal rights prior to the book's publication, and it is likely that his opinions were met with derision and scorn.
In the book's Prefatory Note, Salt states, " It is a conflict of opinion, wherein in time alone can adjudicate: Salt's A Plea for Vegetarianism was published in Salt Archives, Mohandas Gandhi read Salt's book when he was a student in London, sometime between and and was profoundly influenced by the book.
On November 20,Gandhi made an appearance at the meeting of the Vegetarian Society. When addressing the members of this organization, Gandhi said, "It was Mr.
Salt's book, A Plea for Vegetarianism, which showed me why, apart from my adherence to a vow administered to me by my mother, it was right to be a vegetarian. He showed me why it was a moral duty incumbent on vegetarians not to live upon fellow-animals.What Is Vegetarianism - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.
Vegetarianism. How to Prepare Essays, Lectures, Articles, Books, Speeches and Letters With Hints on Writing for the Press by Eustace Hamilton Miles other soy foods are complete, high-quality sources of protein.
Here Bekoff offers selected essays that showcase the fascinating cognitive abilities of other animals as well as their empathy, compassion, grief, humor, joy, and love. Humpback whales protect gray whales from orca attacks, combat dogs and other animals suffer from PTSD, and chickens, rats, and mice display empathy.
On the other hand, it is a terrible idea to draw inferences about nutrition and human health from the diet of the ox. We now know that the process of turning raw material into energy and body structure works quite differently in different animals.
It was Mr. Salt's book, A Plea for Vegetarianism, which showed me why, apart from hereditary habit, and apart from my adherence to a vow administered to me by my mother, it was right to be a vegetarian. He showed me why it was a moral duty incumbent on vegetarians not to live upon fellow-animals.
Original Title: A plea for vegetarianism and other essays Volume [Hardcover], Original Author: Henry Stephens Salt. Give the gift of reading, now $ Story time just got better with Prime Book Box, a subscription that delivers hand-picked children’s books every 1, 2, or 3 months — at 40% off List Price.
Learn more Author: Henry Stephens Salt. Ethical vegetarianism, in other words, originates in the heart and not in the mind. The last of his proposals was a plea for the consumption of vegetarian food.
On the whole Devadatta was requesting a return to the ascetic life of forest-dwelling mendicants. Sutta Nipata Selections and Inspired Essays.
New Delhi: New Age Books. www.