Visit Website The two superpowers plunged into one of their biggest Cold War confrontations after the pilot of an American U-2 spy plane making a high-altitude pass over Cuba on October 14,photographed a Soviet SS-4 medium-range ballistic missile being assembled for installation. President Kennedy was briefed about the situation on October 16, and he immediately called together a group of advisors and officials known as the executive committee, or ExCom.
In the midst of this crisis the Soviets unilaterally broke the moratorium on nuclear testing, staging a series of explosions yielding up to 50 megatons.
Soviet technology had also perfected a smaller warhead for the new Soviet missiles now ready to be… Having promised in May to defend Cuba with Soviet arms, the Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev assumed that the United States would take no steps to prevent the installation of Soviet medium- and intermediate-range ballistic missiles in Cuba.
Such missiles could hit much of the eastern United States within a few minutes if launched from Cuba. By August 29 new military construction and the presence of Soviet technicians had been reported by U. U-2 spy planes flying over the island, and on October 14 the presence of a ballistic missile on a launching site was reported.
Cuban missile crisisSoviet military buildup in Cuba, Kennedy Presidential Library After carefully considering the alternatives of an immediate U.
Kennedy announced the quarantine on October 22 and warned that U. During the following days, Soviet ships bound for Cuba altered course away from the quarantined zone. As the two superpowers hovered close to the brink of nuclear war, messages were exchanged between Kennedy and Khrushchev amidst extreme tension on both sides.
On October 28 Khrushchev capitulatedinforming Kennedy that work on the missile sites would be halted and that the missiles already in Cuba would be returned to the Soviet Union. In return, Kennedy committed the United States never to invade Cuba. Kennedy also secretly promised to withdraw the nuclear-armed missiles that the United States had stationed in Turkey in previous years.
In the following weeks both superpowers began fulfilling their promises, and the crisis was over by late November.
Kennedy ordering a naval blockade of Cuba to prevent the Soviet Union from shipping additional missiles to the island, Oct. The crisis also marked the closest point that the world had ever come to global nuclear war. Strangelove, and Planet of the Apes.The Cuban Missile Crisis, October The Cuban Missile Crisis of October was a direct and dangerous confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War and was the moment when the two superpowers came closest to nuclear conflict.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was a pivotal moment in the Cold War.
Fifty years ago the United States and the Soviet Union stood closer to Armageddon than at any other moment in history. In October President John F. Kennedy was informed of a U-2 spy-plane’s discovery of .
President Kennedy with his cabinet during the Cuban Missile Crisis Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev saw an opportunity to strengthen the relationship between the Soviet Union and Fidel Castro ’s Cuba and make good its promise to defend Cuba from the United States.
Jan 04, · Watch video · During the Cuban Missile Crisis, leaders of the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a tense, day political and military standoff in October over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet.
The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of (Spanish: Crisis de Octubre), the Caribbean Crisis (Russian: Карибский кризис, tr.
Karibsky krizis, IPA: [kɐˈrʲipskʲɪj ˈkrʲizʲɪs]), or the Missile Scare, was a day (October 16–28, ) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey with consequent Soviet .
On 14th October a US spy plane flying over Cuba reported the installation of Russian nuclear missile bases. The picture (left) is one of those taken from the spy plane and clearly shows missile transporter trailers and tents where fuelling and maintenance took place.